1. Anterior – The front aspect of the spine or body.
  2. Posterior – The back aspect of the spine or body.
  3. Disc – A tire-like structure laying between the vertebral bodies. It consists of an outer layer called the annulus fibrosus and an inner gel-like substance called the nucleus pulposus. It functions as a energy converter.
  4. Degenerated disc disease –  A disc that shows a loss of height, water content, and structural damage (such as cracks or tears).
  5. Herniated Disc – A condition when the fragment of the inner part of the disc (nucleus) comes out through the outer part of the disc (annulus fibrosus). The condition may not be painful until the fragment presses on an adjacent spinal nerve.
  6. Bulging disc – If the inner part of the disc pushes out the outer layer but does not penetrate it. Most often the result of aging, but may indicate early structural damage.
  7. Decompression – The removal of a portion of the disc that is pressing on an adjacent spinal nerve or decreases the space for the spinal cord.
  8. Spinal Stenosis – The narrowing of the spinal canal causing pressure on the spinal nerve(s) which results in pain and neural dysfunction such as weakness, numbness and tingling, or the inability to stand or walk.  
  9. Vertebral Body – The cube-shaped bony structure in your spine.  Identified by a letter, referring to section of the spine (Cervical, Thoracic and Lumbar), and number (referring to the level). i.e. C5 – referring to 5th cervical vertebral body.  
  10. Spondylolisthesis – A shift in one vertebral body in respect to another one causing mal-alignment of the vertebral bodies. This condition is often present as a back pain radiating to lower extremities.
  11. Discectomy – The partial or complete removal of a disc that is pressing on an adjacent spinal nerve.
  12. Laminectomy – A removal of the back portion of the vertebral body and sculpting of the spinal canal to enlarge the space available for the spinal cord and spinal nerves.
  13. Fusion or Arthrodesis – A Procedure that immobilizes two adjacent vertebral segments through a bony bridge created between them by a surgeon. The fused segment is immobilized with screws and hardware to the keep segment stationary until the bony bridge heals.
  14. MRI (Magnetic Resonance Image) – An advanced imaging technique depicting bone, discs, spinal cord and spinal nerve and their spatial anatomy using a magnetic field.
  15. Pain Block or Steroid Injection – An injection of a mixture of local anesthetic agent and steroid around the spinal nerves or spinal cord to suppress pain and identify the source of the pain. An Epidural Steroid Injection or Transforaminal Injection are referring only to a different anatomic placement of the solution.
  16. Spine Surgery – Surgical procedure to either relieve pressure on spinal nerves (decompression) and/or to stabilize the segment (fusion).  Each spine procedure has 2 parts: approach (getting to the affected segment or pathology) and the procedure (often a combination of decompression or fusion).
  17. Minimally Invasive Surgery (aka MIS) – A spine procedure that uses a smaller incision and a specialized retractor system to access the pathology. It is often associated with less pain, blood loss and a quicker recovery as “collateral damage” is limited. The treatment of the pathology is often same.
  18. Endoscopic or Microscopic Spine Surgery – These are procedures during which the surgeon visualizes the spinal canal and pathology using either a microscope or endoscope. Again this is another modification of the approach. The treatment of the pathology remains the same.  These techniques allow the surgeons to further minimize the incision and collateral damage of healthy tissues and further decrease post-op pain, blood loss, and speed up the recovery. An advanced visualization technique allows the surgeon to use a more precise cutting tools such as lasers or radio-frequency probes and further refine the procedure and minimize collateral damage to healthy tissues.
  19. Robotic Spine Surgery – An advanced technology that allows the surgeon a more precise and safer placement of hardware (i.e. screws)
  20. Artificial Disc –  A mechanical device that is placed between the two adjacent vertebral bodies preserving motion between them.


Damaged Facet Joint


Lumbar facet syndrome is a clinical diagnosis referring to low back pain caused by injury or deterioration of facet joints in the lumbar spine. We discuss causes and treatment options for this problem, which is responsible for chronic back pain in 30-40% of patients.

Platelet Rich Fibrin produced by centrifugation of whole blood


Renaxis team introduces a novel regenerative bio-matrix in the tissue regeneration and facial aesthetics. It is the most technologically advanced, 100% natural, regenerative bio-matrix. Alb-PRF is a novel injectable regenerative composite that consists of autologous albumin gel and concentrated platelet-rich fibrin (Alb-PRF)


Inter-vertebral disc represents an essential part of the human spine. Substantial body of scientific evidence suggest that structural alteration of the disc whether due to the injury or aging is a root cause of low back pain and loss of spine function. We present novel regenerative strategy to fix this problem.


24-hour Promise

We will not make you wait to see specialist. Here is our promise. We will see each patient within 24 hours

We pride ourselves in delivering exceptional patient care. Out patients tells the story of great care best.

We Deliver Results

When it comes to spine you need somebody that delivers results. Our results speak for themselves.




    These awards reflects the difference the doctor makes in the lives of the patients. The honor is bestowed upon physicians who received near perfect scores, as voted by their patients. In fact, of the nations 830,000 active doctors, only 5% were awarded this honor by their patients. Dr. Talac received this award 3 years in a row.